10:55PLANNING EFFECTIVE LESSONS (BY SHAGUFTA KHAN)
Planning Effective lessons
In todays society education has a complete new meaning. It no longer judges students on how much and how quick they can memorize or how many marks they score. Its about gaining the skills to understand right from wrong and having the knowledge you need to progress and contribute positively towards the society you belong to. It helps students develop their prospective on the world around them and pushes them to think creatively and conceptually about all the subjects they study. Education helps student’s process the information they receive on a daily basis and draw conclusions and inference based on what they already know. It makes them independent learners, critical thinkers and future innovators.
As teachers we have an even bigger responsibility to bring forward these skills in our students and hence it’s important how we plan our lessons. As the requirement of the society has changed so should we change the way we educate our students. A good lesson starts with good planning. A lesson plan is a teacher’s roadmap to what he or she wants the students to achieve by the end of the lesson. A good lesson plan indicates how well you know your students. Lessons should be planned keeping in mind the strength and weakness of your students. Understanding the learning style of your students helps you plan appropriate tasks.
Types of learning styles
Auditory Learners; Hear
These types of learners learn better by hearing. Verbal explanation of concepts are best understood by such learners.
Visual learners: See
These types of learner learn best by seeing things. All kind of visual aids such as pictures, maps, graphs help better understanding of visual learners.
Kinesthetic Learners: Touch
Kinesthetic learners process information best through “hands on” activities. Doing the activity helps them remember best. This may include building models, practical’s, role play or writing down.
Most people learn best by a combination of two or three learning style but everyone is different hence our lessons need to have a combination of all learning styles. A successful lesson plan addresses and integrates these three key components:
Great teaching begins with great planning.
Characteristics of a great lesson
Lesson plans can be written while having clear goals in mind. What is it that you want the students to achieve.
Backward Planning: It’s thinking about assessment before deciding how you teach, planning instruction, what resources you will use and finally and most importantly….
A description of what the student will be able to do at the end of the lesson.
Warm up and introduction:
This can be a starter activity where you grab the attention of the students. It can also be used to identify todays objective. This activity provides interest and works as a motivational factor. Set the tone for the lesson connected to the objective. For example a question, a story, a saying, an activity, a discussion or create curiosity for the topic.
Procedure and presentation:
The purpose of questioning
Use daily in questioning to develop higher order of thinking skills...critical thinking skills. Blooms Taxonomy is a great way to encourage higher level thinking skills.
Displays internalized student knowledge
“A teacher is one who brings us tools and enables us to use them.”
“The greater the structure of a lesson and the more precise the directions on what is to be accomplished, the higher the achievement rate.”
Harry Wong, The First Days of Teaching
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